Call your doctor or
911 NOW if you have symptoms of a Blood transfusion reaction during or after a
transfusion. Do not wait, call immediately. This is an emergency!
A Blood transfusion reaction is defined as symptoms triggered by a Blood transfusion. Here we offer a more complete explanation. This is valuable information for anyone who is about to give or get Blood.
Body Parts Affected - Blood; Blood vessels; kidneys; heart; skin; central nervous system; lungs.
Signs & Symptoms - Chills and fever; backache or other aches and pains; hives and itching. In more serious situations, Blood cell destruction (hemolysis), causing shortness of breath, severe headache, chest or back pain and Blood in the urine.
Causes of Reaction - Transfusions of a different Blood type than that of the patient. This may occur from errors in matching Blood or from the use of incompletely matched Blood in an emergency.
Risks of Reaction Increase - With Blood transfusions in emergency situations, when careful and precise typing and matching of Blood may be bypassed; Blood transfusions from donors who carry infections; Multiple Blood transfusions; having an Rh negative mother.
How to Prevent Blood Transfusion Reaction - Blood banks and hospitals train staff and have safety procedures in place to prevent transfusion reaction. If you suspect a transfusion reaction, you must, at once, tell everyone that you see. A Blood transfusion reaction is an emergency of the highest order. Your body is programmed to be comfortable in the fact that the life sustaining Blood, that is naturally produced by the body from within, is perfectly pure and safe within itself. The human body has no mechanism to cope with this emergency.
Should this occur, the physician in charge of the facility in which you are having the reaction must be notified at once. If you have ever in your life screamed and raised a major fuss, now is the time to do so. The phrase 'scream bloody murder' comes to mind.
There are some precautionary measures:
WHAT to EXPECT at TRANSFUSION TIME
Diagnostic Measures - Your own observation of symptoms; Medical history and physical exam by a doctor; Laboratory Blood tests to re-check compatibility and detect complications.
Appropriate Health Care - Treatment from a Physician; Hospitalization. Patients receiving transfusions are usually in a hospital or outpatient surgical facility, and reactions can be properly treated when they occur.
Possible Complications - Acute kidney failure; Anaphylaxis; Congestive heart failure from too rapid transfusion.
Probable Outcome - Most transfusion reactions, if stopped quickly enough, will gradually clear up. EVERY transfusion reaction is serious; some are fatal.
TREATMENT at TRANSFUSION TIME
General Action - If possible, be alert and aware when you go to your Blood transfusion; Stay awake and alert during the Blood transfusion, if possible, so that you can notify medical personnel immediately if symptoms occur; Double check charts and labels..... it is your money, your Blood, and after all it is your life!.
Medication - Your doctor may prescribe: Antihistamines to decrease hives and itching; Cortisone drugs to decrease the likelihood of acute kidney failure; Antihypertensives, if Blood pressure rises too high, or hypertensives, such as ephedrine or epinephrine, if Blood pressure drops too low.
Activity - Resume your normal activities as soon as symptoms improve after transfusion.
Call Your Doctor if you have symptoms of a Blood transfusion reaction during or after a transfusion. Call immediately. This is an emergency
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last updated 03/10/2013 bloodbook.com