BLOOD DISEASES AND DISORDERS
BLOOD DISEASES - BLOOD DISORDERS, DENGUE FEVER, HIV/AIDS, SICKLE
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First a word about Blood tests in General.
Physicians rely on "Blood-work," or clinical laboratory diagnostic
Blood testing to diagnose medical conditions. From this Blood testing
the medical professional then prescribes therapies and remedies, based
on those Blood tests. Good Blood tests make possible state-of-the-art
lab procedures that can be provided directly to the public in private
and these Blood tests can be provided affordably.
Some of the most common Blood tests are:
Allergy Blood Testing
Blood Tests for Autoimmune Diseases
Blood Diseases Testing
Cancer Detection Blood Testing
Blood Cholesterol Test
Diabetes Blood Tests
DNA, Paternity and Genetic Testing
Blood Tests for Drug Screening
Environmental Toxin Blood Testing
Fitness, Nutrition and Anti-Aging
Gastrointestinal Diseases Revealed by Blood Tests
Blood Testing for Heart Health
Hormones and Metabolism
Infectious Disease Blood Tests
Kidney Disease Blood Test
Liver Diseases Blood Testing
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's) Blood Tests
Thyroid Disease Blood Tests
ANEMIA - A common Blood disorder
condition that is caused by an acquired or inhered abnormality of red
Blood cells to provide adequate oxygen supplies to body tissues. Anemia
may, in some cases, be a manifestation of an non-hematologic disorder.
The condition may be due to decreased number of red Blood cells,
decreased amount of substance in red Blood cells which transports oxygen
hemoglobin, or decreased volume of red Blood cells. There are several
diseases properly known as Anemia. These include: anemia of B12
deficiency, anemia of chronic disease, anemia of folate deficiency,
drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia, hemolytic anemia, hemolytic anemia
due to g6pd deficiency, idiopathic aplastic anemia, idiopathic
autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune hemolytic anemia, iron deficiency
anemia, megaloblastic anemia, pernicious anemia, secondary aplastic
anemia, and sickle cell anemia.
Patient with Anemia
Web Site - General information about anemia.
- One of the most common Blood disorders.
Aplastic Anemia Answer Book - Quality information on this
unexplained failure of the bone marrow to produce Blood cells.
BLOOD CHOLESTEROL - An important
attribute in deciding a person's risk of getting coronary heart disease.
When you have too much cholesterol in your Blood, the excess builds up
on the walls of the arteries that carry Blood to the heart. This buildup
is called "atherosclerosis" or "hardening of the arteries." It narrows
the arteries and can slow down or block Blood flow to the heart. With
less Blood, the heart gets less oxygen. With not enough oxygen to the
heart, there may be chest pain, heart attack, or even death. Cholesterol
buildup is the most common cause of heart disease, and it happens so
slowly that you are not even aware of it. The higher your Blood
cholesterol, the greater your chance of this buildup.
Facts About Blood Cholesterol - From The National Institutes of
Guide Web Site - The latest medical news and information for
patients or friends/parents of patients diagnosed with elevated
cholesterol and elevated cholesterol-related disorders.
MedPed and IHCF - Assistance with inherited cholesterol disorders,
such as Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
Information Network - General info about high Blood cholesterol.
DENGUE FEVER - Dengue Fever is a Blood disease caused by a
virus spread by the bite of an infected mosquito (Aedes aegypti).
This Blood disease is common in most tropical and subtropical areas,
including some islands in the Caribbean, Mexico, most countries of
South and Central America, the Pacific, Asia, the Asian islands and
parts of tropical Africa. Cases originating in the United States are
virtually unknown, but occasionally residents from or visitors to
countries where Dengue fever occurs may arrive in this country and
develop dengue fever.
Dengue fever, normally spread by the bite of infected Aedes
mosquitoes, may occur in people of all ages. Children usually have a
milder disease experience than adults. Dengue Fever cannot be spread
from one person to another, however, Dengue Fever is spread by a
contaminated Blood supply. Signs and symptoms of Dengue Fever include
a sudden onset of high fever, headache, joint and muscle pains, nausea
and vomiting. A rash of small red spots, appearing three to four days
after the onset of fever.
There is no specific treatment known and generally available as of
this writing. You should seek medical attention as soon as possible if
you think you may be infected. A Blood test can indicate the
possibility of Dengue Fever. Intravenous fluids and oxygen therapy are
often used to comfort patients who experience shock during their
Prospects for reversing the recent trend of increased Dengue Fever
epidemic activity and geographic expansion are not promising. New
Dengue Fever virus strains will likely continue to be discovered in
areas where the population densities of the infecting mosquito and
unclean Blood supplies are prevalent. Without new mosquito control
technology available, public health authorities say that mosquito
control through community efforts will reduce larval breeding sources.
- Dengue Fever Home Page.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases;
National Institutes of Health -
Dengue Fever Pages.
Directors of Health Promotion and Education (DHPE) -
LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS - Lymphatic filariasis is a
debilitating Blood disease caused by nematode worms of the genera
Wucheriaand Brugia. Larval worms circulate in the Bloodstream of
infected persons, and adult worms live in the lymphatic vessels.
Lymphatic filariasis is not life threatening, but it does cause extreme
discomfort, swelling of the limbs and genitals, damage to the kidneys
and lymphatic system, impairment of the body’s ability to fight
infection, and general malaise. In addition, it produces immeasurable
emotional and economic costs in terms of the disruption of family and
community life. Approximately 120 million people in 73 endemic countries
world-wide located primarily throughout tropical and subtropical regions
of South America, Asia, the Pacific Islands and Africa. Although
designated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the world’s second
leading cause of permanent and long-term disability, this
mosquito-transmitted Blood borne disease is "potentially eradicable"
through drug therapy and vector control. Infection rates are increasing
with the continued expansion of urbanization that is underway in the
Carter Center - The Carter Center's Global 2000 program is working
to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in Nigeria, the country with the
greatest number of cases in Africa. Global 2000 staff train village
health workers and work with the government to distribute drug
treatments. The Carter Center hopes to wipe out the disease in Nigeria
ASTDHPPHE - Leaders in the effort to eradicate Filariasis, the
Association of State and Territorial Directors of Health Promotion and
Public Health Education's mission is to promote the quality practice of
health education and health promotion as core disciplines of public
health practice and to advocate for quality health education/health
promotion programs and strategies to address the nation's leading health
- A most often hereditary Blood disorder that causes body tissue to
absorb and store too much iron. Hemochromatosis is not "caught." The
disease (which is actually many diseases) has also been known to develop
as a result of dietary iron intake in sufficient quantity. Its worst
effects are preventable, by early diagnosis and treatment, but, if the
patient is not found in time, it is crippling and potentially fatal.
American Hemochromatosis Society (AHS) - Educates
and supports victims of hereditary Hemochromatosis and their families as
well as education of the medical community on the latest research on HH.
The aim of AHS is to identify through genetic testing, the 35 million+
Americans who are unknowingly carrying the single or double gene
mutation for HH that puts them at risk for loading excess iron.
Munn Hereditary Hemochromatosis Web Site - This superb site has an
excellent table of symptoms and effects, and many informative links.
This web site includes recommendations for Blood testing.
The Canadian Hemochromatosis Society - Quality web site
well organized, with in-depth information and many unique links.
HEMOPHILIA - (also Haemophilia) A
genetic Blood disease that causes the Blood to be unable to form a firm
clot normally and quickly.
Home Page - Provides information and support on issues relating to
hemophilia and other bleeding disorders. This includes hemophilia
Hemophilia Forum - Dedicated to supplying
information on hemophilia to medical and health care professionals,
Hemophilia Resource Network - A consultation service
hematologists, hospitals, and insurers to facilitate optimum inpatient
management for persons with bleeding disorders.
World Federation of Hemophilia - An international not-for-profit
organization dedicated to introducing, improving and maintaining care
for persons with hemophilia and related disorders.
The Hemophilia Disease Management Company (AHF) -
Provides extensive consumer and professional information on hemophilia
and von Willebrand Disease.
Magazine - Magazine for those concerned with hemophilia and Blood
disorders. Also in Spanish.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE -
The most common risk factor for heart and kidney diseases and stroke.
High Blood pressure, or hypertension, is defined in an adult as a
systolic pressure (top number) of 140 mm Hg or higher and/or a diastolic
pressure (bottom number) of 90 mm Hg or higher. Blood pressure is
measured and noted in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
High Blood Pressure Information from NIH.
High Blood Pressure - From the American Heart
The Mystery of
Hypertension in African-Americans.
Hypertension Network - Provide weekly updates of new
research findings and recommendations of interest to people with
HIV/AIDS - A Blood-borne disease of the
human immune system that is characterized cytologically especially by a
reduction in the numbers of CD4-bearing helper T cells, to 20% or less
of normal, rendering the subject highly vulnerable to life-threatening
conditions, such as pneumonia. There are others that become
life-threatening (such as Kaposi's sarcoma) and that are caused by
infection with HIV. HIV has been found in Blood, semen, saliva, tears,
nervous system tissue, breast milk, and female genital tract secretions;
however, only Blood, semen, female genital tract secretions, and breast
milk have been proven to transmit HIV to others. It is most commonly
transmitted in infected Blood and bodily secretions (e.g. semen),
commonly during illicit IV drug use and/or sexual intercourse.
AEGIS - The premier AIDS/HIV knowledge
base. On the web site see the History of HIV/AIDS a timeline covering AIDS/HIV
The HIV Sequence Database - Collects, analyzes, and
publishes genetic sequences of HIV and related diseases. The site
provides access to their own databases, alignments, and the tools and
interfaces that they have produced.
HIV/AIDS Information Index - Directory of HIV/AIDS resources
on the World Wide Web.
Information - National Institutes of Health (NIH).
American Medical Association - HIV/AIDS Information Center.
Linking to the Journal of the American Medical Association.
MedWeb - A huge collection of links to
AIDS and HIV related web sites. A site well worth mining for precise and
up to date info. (Emory University).
LEUKEMIA - Often referred to as
cancer of the Blood, a malignant condition affecting the immature
Blood-forming cells in the bone marrow.
The Leukemia Society of America - Dedicated to curing
leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and myeloma and to improving the
quality of life of patients and their families.
GrannyBarb and Art's - A good source of Leukemia Information.
Leukemia Information Center - An educational library of
comprehensive information on adult myelogenous leukemia (AML) for
healthcare professionals and consumers.
Lauri Strauss Leukemia Foundation - Supports
leukemia and allied cancer research, marrow transplant drives and
Children's Leukemia Foundation - A national, non-profit organization
whose sole purpose is to provide services, support, and referrals to
leukemia patients and their families.
|POLYCYTHEMIA VERA - Occurs in one
to five of every 100,000 people. With this Blood disorder, patients not
only have more red cells, that is, hematocrits can almost double in some
cases, but there is also a slow, steady buildup of white cells and
platelets. Blood volume also increases, which masks the disease from the
doctor while putting the patient at a higher risk of Blood clots and
stroke. Women under the age of 40 are at particular risk for clotting
Tulane University - Medical Center Department of Hematopathology.
Adam.com - Articles and links on Polycythemia Vera.
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center -
Excellent long form article on Polycythemia Vera.
- Also known as gram-negative bacteremia and gram-positive bacteremia,
Sepsis is an overwhelming and life-threatening bacterial infection of
the Blood and body organs caused by bacteria that has entered body
tissue, most often through a wound or incision, that leads to the
formation of pus, and/or to the spread of the sepsis bacteria throughout
the Blood stream. Sepsis is often caused by organisms that are resistant
to most standard antibiotics and more often than not, is found in people
with a weakened immune systems.
Commonly affected areas are the
lungs, the genitourinary tract, the liver or liver secretion tract, the
gastrointestinal tract, surgical wounds or drains, and spots of skin
disturbance known as decubitus ulcers or bedsores. Sepsis infection can
lead to a form of shock, known as septic shock.
International Sepsis Forum - The ISF strives improve the understanding and
clinical management of patients with epsis. The ISF is provides
workshops, lectures, debates, and medical practice guideline development
and training programs for researchers, intensivists, and critical care
Center Department of Hematopathology.
- An article on septic shock.
SICKLE CELL DISEASE - A hereditary Blood
disease resulting from a single amino acid mutation of the red Blood
cells. A Blood condition of anemia. People with sickle cell disease have
red Blood cells that contain mostly hemoglobin S, an abnormal type of
hemoglobin. Sometimes these red Blood cells become crescent shaped
"sickle shaped" and have difficulty passing through small Blood vessels.
There is currently no universal cure for Blood borne sickle cell
What is Sickle Cell Anemia - A complete and detailed definition.
Sickle Cell Information Center - The mission of this
site is to provide sickle cell patient and professional education, news,
research updates and world wide sickle cell resources.
Comprehensive Sickle Cell Centers - Presents
research abstracts, contact information for center personnel, and links
to other sickle cell sites.
THALASSEMIA - A group of fatal
genetic Blood disorders. The WHO recognizes Thalassemia as the most
prevalent inherited genetic Blood disorder in the world. An estimated 2
million Americans are carriers of the genetic trait for thalassemia,
predominately those of Mediterranean and Asian Indian, South Asian and
The Cooley's Anemia Foundation (CAF) - The U. S. based
voluntary health organization that exclusively funds medical research,
patient services, public information and professional education to
Berloni Foundation - Creating a structure acting as a valid
reference point in the fight against Thalassemia; promoting scientific
studies and research.
Thalassemia - Helps locate appropriate information for people with
The Northern California
Comprehensive Thalassemia Center
- Located at Children's Hospital Oakland, featuring medical, genetic,
psychosocial, transfusion, and resource information on thalassemia.
- A non-profit organization in the Sarawak state of Malaysia located on
the Island of Borneo. This is partially presented here to demonstrate
how it can be done right!
THROMBOSIS - When the platelets
try to patch up an injury within a small Blood vessel and completely
plug it up instead. This plug obstructs the normal flow of Blood and can
result in a heart attack or stroke.
Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis - A non-profit organization
with over 2,300 members from 50 countries.
ThrombosisConsult.com - A 'meeting place' for
medical professionals and others interested in keeping up with the
latest developments in thrombosis management, providing clinically sound
information on Thrombosis research and treatment to the medical
The Thrombosis Interest Group of Canada (TIGC) -
Providing education and research in the prevention and treatment of
Transmitted Blood Diseases Pages
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last updated 03/10/2013