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Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster - by Eric Feldman and Ronald Bayer (Editors)
In the mid-1980s, public health officials in North America, Europe, Japan, and Australia discovered that almost half of the hemophiliac population, as well as tens of thousands of Blood transfusion recipients, had been infected with HIV-tainted Blood. This book provides a comparative perspective on the political, legal, and social struggles that emerged in response to the HIV contamination of the world's Blood supply. It describes how differently eight nations responded to the first signs that AIDS might be transmitted through Blood, and how they falteringly arrived at, and finally implemented, measures to secure the Blood supply. In the end, the Blood establishments in almost every advanced industrial nation were shaken. In Canada, the Red Cross was forced to withdraw from Blood collection and distribution. In Japan. In France, Blood officials went to prison. Even in Denmark, where the number of infected hemophiliacs was relatively small, the struggle and litigation surrounding Blood has resulted in the most protracted legal and administrative conflict in modern Danish history. Blood Feuds brings together chapters on the experiences of the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with four comparative essays that shed light on the political, cultural, institutional, and economic dimensions of the HIV/Blood disaster
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Bad Blood: Crisis in the American Red Cross - by Judith Reitman
Journalist Judith Reitman writes this expose of the American Red Cross Blood supply. For more than 10 years, the organization known for its "gift of life" has been responsible for exposing millions of innocent people to a Blood supply contaminated by HIV, hepatitis and other highly infectious diseases. This is a story of gross mismanagement and shocking neglect, and is the true tale of an enterprise built on Blood and Blood products, greed, and arrogance
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The Gift Relationship; From Human Blood to Social Policy - by Richard M. Titmuss
Sociologist Richard M. Titmuss, at the time of the writing was a respected professor at the London School of Economics. The Gift Relationship, published in 1970, caused almost immediate policy results. It compared Blood donating in Britain, a voluntary system, and the system of Blood gathering used in the United States, some donated, most bought and sold. His conclusions; the voluntary system was superior in safety, efficiency, efficacy and product quality, helped to preserve the National Blood Service in Great Britain. The U. S. government consulted with Titmuss, and instituted an effort to stimulate voluntary donation, and also mandated the labeling of Blood from paid donors. Titmuss' most profound conclusions concerned the quality of life and community when people are encouraged to give, often, literally, the gift of life, to strangers. "When Blood becomes a commodity," he argued, "its quality is corrupted" (American Blood was four times more likely to infect recipients with hepatitis than was British Blood). Titmuss died in 1973
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Advances in Blood Substitutes, Volume 3: Industrial Opportunities and Medical Challenges - by Robert M. Winslow (Editor), K. D., M. D., Vandegriff (Editor), M. Intaglietta, and K. D. Vandergriff
Blood substitutes are beginning to fulfill their promise. In early 1997 two hemoglobin-based products began testing in FDA-approved Phase III clinical trials, the final hurdle leading to market entry. This is the most significant advance in more than 50 years of work by countless scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs and businesses. But it is only a dim view of the dream of widespread clinical use, which will ultimately determine the place of Blood substitutes in medical practice.

This book reviews leaders in the field looking towards success. Chapters on pharmacoeconomics and improved red cell preservation are presented along with comprehensive discussions of polyethylene glycol modification of hemoglobin and an emerging picture of the way cell-free oxygen carriers nourish tissues. Each contribution is followed by a transcription of the candid discussions that ensued from the presentation. The discussions capture the passion with which active, competitive scientists engage each other. Essential reading for anyone assessing the current state of the Blood substitute field and the evolution of the field period-red.gif (63 bytes) 

Safe Blood: Purifying the Nation's Blood Supply in the Age of AIDS - by Joseph Feldschuh, M. D., with Doron Weber
This book is a must read for the person getting involved at any level with Blood transfusion. The main point of this book is that the nation's Blood supply is far less safe than we have been led to believe – that it is a veritable cornucopia of pathogens. "The number of diseases known to spread through the Blood has grown and multiplied," write the authors. "Today, infections that can be transmitted through Blood transfusion include: non-A, non-B hepatitis; hepatitis B; AIDS HIV; cytomogalovirus infection; Epstein-Barr virus; HTLV-I; HTLV-II; syphilis; and malaria. Some other rare infectious complications are: HIV-2; Chagas disease, brucella abortus; salmonella septicaemia, among others. "There are tests to detect many of these," says co-author Joseph Feldschuh, a physician, "but none are perfect and some are pretty far from."

"Moreover," he says, "the American Association of Blood Banks and the American Red Cross, the two largest Blood-collecting and distributing organizations in the country, far from being the altruistic, non-profit enterprises they claim to be, are out to make a buck even if this includes playing down some of the risks of their product." He recounts the shameful, now-well-known episode in which Blood banks essentially conspired not to put into effect AIDS screening methods that could have protected Blood recipients, but would have offended some homosexual groups.

The author reviews methods that individual recipients can utilize to reduce their risks, such as Blood salvaging, or preoperative autologous Blood donations.   Feldschuh states that "the real solution is fresh frozen Blood, which simply means giving Blood well ahead of time and then freezing it, except for the platelets, which current technology can not freeze well. This way the Blood can be kept more or less indefinitely (ten years, according to FDA regulations), rather than be thrown out if the person doesn't need it within six weeks."

They cite a study released in the New England Journal of Medicine to the effect that a tremendous number of "silent infections" are not showing up in HIV antibody tests. Feldschuh says that this study has "to date not been disputed period-red.gif (63 bytes)

Safe Blood - by Joseph Feldschuh, M. D., and Doron Weber (contributor)
This book is the same as the book above except this is a paperback, a newer and much larger revision, and it is cheaper period-red.gif (63 bytes) 

Blood Saga: Hemophilia, Aids, and the Survival of a Community - by Susan Resnik
In 1984, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) announced that, between the years 1979 and 1984, 90% of patients with hemophilia who were treated with clotting-factor concentrates had been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A former director of education at the National Hemophilia Foundation, Susan Resnik has written this book about one of medicine's darkest periods. She describes the role well meaning physicians and organizations, trapped in fear and denial, had in making a bad situation even worse. A tale of political pressure on medicine and government
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Blood Donors and the Supply of Blood and Blood Products: Forum on Blood Safety and Blood Availability - by Frederick J. Manning, Linette Sparacino (Editors)
Selected papers from the Forum on Blood Safety and Blood Availability meetings organized by the Institute of Medicine. Papers presented at a workshop held in Washington D.C
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The Blood Conspiracy: How to Avoid Getting AIDS and Hepatitis in a Transfusion - by Joleen Swain Ottosen
The author, who lost both parents to transfusion related AIDS, and has written this book in hopes of preventing similar tragedies. The book chronicles her family's story, and also acts as a consumer's guide for minimizing the risk of infection through Blood transfusion. This book is an expose stripping away what the author asserts is a 'conspiracy of silence and half-truths that perpetuate the safe-Blood myth.' It provides professionally researched and documented medical information and safe transfusion options and solutions
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Your Body, Your Choice - by Shannon Farmer and David Webb
A book addressed to the lay person outlining the scientific advancements currently challenging the whole practice of Blood transfusion. Scientific scrutiny is proving quite conclusively that the old notion that donated Blood is the "gift of life" is deeply flawed. Indeed, all too often, the "gift of life" has become the "bringer of death," and who knows what else.

Trail-blazing leaders of 'Bloodless' or 'transfusion-free' medicine and surgery are taking definitive steps to replace time-worn medical treatments with safer approaches based on the ever-evolving evidence. The book encapsulates a whole new world of thinking. It focuses on the extraordinary revolution destined to have direct and vital impact on the lives of all seeking treatment in hospitals or medical clinics period-red.gif (63 bytes)

Blood: An Epic History of Medicine and Commerce - by Douglas Starr
Blood may be a highly charged substance, symbolic of our spirit and essential for life, but we can gain much from reflecting on its power over us. Boston University's Professor and science journalist Douglas Starr has examined the history of Blood's medical uses. This report is intellectually engaging and emotionally compelling. The book covers from the late 17th century to the present, detailing experiments with animal Blood, the long ban on transfusions, direct artery-to-vein suture between donor and recipient, the great debacle during the AIDS crisis of the 1980, and today's global Blood banking industry, and a view of its' attendant business structure. There is a dissection of 'why were so many people given contaminated Blood products after clear warnings about the risks of infection? Starr is unafraid to name names and lay bare the political and financial decisions that condemned so many thousands of hemophiliacs and surgical patients to early deaths. 'Those who don't learn from the past are bound to repeat it'
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Blood Banking and Regulation: Procedures, Problems, and Alternatives - by Edward A. Dauer (Editor)
Compendium of selected papers from the Forum on Blood Safety and Blood Availability meetings organized by the Institute of Medicine. These papers, presented over a series of meetings, discusses the current regulatory system and possible enhancements
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Blood and Blood Products: Safety and Risk - by Frederick Manning
This is the third and final volume in a series by the Forum on Blood Safety and Blood Availability, reviewing and summarizing selected presentations at four separate workshops that were held in 1995. The first two volumes cover regulation and availability. The 21 talks covered in this volume cover current risks of disease transmission, guarding the Blood supply, safety and monitoring, risk tolerance, risk communications, and no-fault insurance. Contributors to the book are from Blood product companies, regulatory agencies, academics, and other groups
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The Rights of Patients: The Basic ACLU Guide to Patient Rights - by George J. Annas
This book provides easy to understand technical and legal aspects of 'informed consent.' Annas points out that we are "all candidates for patienthood." Therefore, knowing the Rights of Patients is essential for every prospective patient. Would anyone want to be treated in a hurry-up situation, without accurate information?

The back of the book has several useful appendices, giving specific details on resources, 'patient bill of rights' acts, (of which eleven states have some version), health care proxy forms, your 'right to refuse treatment act,' and how to use law and medical libraries.

What good is a law if the public has no knowledge of that law? George Annas states that we all have the legal right to refuse unnecessary procedures, but few people will ever learn that in a hospital. Many medical facilities have policies created by well-intentioned administrators which violate the patient's rights and the law. Laws are different from state to state regarding many aspects of patients' rights, for example, how long patient records are kept and who owns the medical records - Paperback period-red.gif (63 bytes)

The Rights of Patients - same as above Published 1992 - Hardcover period-red.gif (63 bytes)

Aids: What the Government Isn't Telling You - by Lorraine Day, M.D.
Dr. Day, a uniquely qualified surgeon, has operated on as many AIDS patients as any surgeon in the United States. She explains in this book how she suddenly discovered that the "experts" were not telling the full truth to doctors, to other medical personnel and to the public, about AIDS. She documents facts about the AIDS epidemic, facts that the government denies, but facts that you must know to protect yourself and your family from Blood borne diseases. The lessons that we should have learned back then, still apply today
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Dailey's Notes on Blood - by John F. Dailey
Anyone from the novice to the most experienced healthcare practitioner will find valuable material readily available in this concise text. It is a favorite of major pharmaceuticals for training sales personnel. It is probably the only book available that does not require the reader to have a background in chemistry and biology in order to understand the basics of the important topics of hematology, immunology and transfusion therapy. Numerous features aid learning: quick reference margin words, review questions with answers for each chapter, 42 clear illustrations, comprehensive glossary, appendix of Blood values, and bibliography
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Blood: Self-Teaching Hematology, Immunology, and Transfusion Therapy - by John F. Dailey
The preface of Blood opens with the author revealing that he is "fascinated with the topic of blood," and "convinced that.... practical, understandable, and easily accessible information on blood would be welcome to a wide audience." agrees with the fascination and most especially with the need for quality and easily understandable information. As for Dailey, he has succeeded in authoring another book on this topic that students and professionals in the Blood associated field and the health care field will find as highly readable. This book is an excellent self-teaching and reference tool. The book's organization and layout are well thought out, clear, and features several useful features to help in learning.

The main text of Blood is organized into 20 chapters, each with an introduction and a division into three levels of sub headings, then several paragraphs.

The latter part of the book is devoted to descriptions of plasma, platelets, and coagulation and followed by chapters describing blood groups and the various types of therapies involving blood. One of the most informative sections of the book describes a complete range of blood tests, including what the test measures and how to interpret the results period-red.gif (63 bytes)

The Answer Is in Your Blood Type - by Steven M. Weissberg M.D.; Joseph Christiano A.P.P.T.
The authors posit the theory that if you eat a food not compatible with your Blood type and stomach enzymes, the food will not be broken down or digested properly, and the vitamins and minerals not absorbed into your bloodstream to fuel and nourish your body. They say that your body reacts to the food just as it would any foreign substance. You might experience a stomach ache, gas, bloating, or even worse, vomiting or diarrhea. What happens is that antibodies glue themselves to the foreign invaders (improper food) and agglutination or "gluing" takes place in your Blood. The best case alternative presented is, that with proper diet, including nourishment from those foods and supplements specific to your needs, the chance of disease is greatly reduced, and that, proper diet according to Blood type, coupled with exercise, enables your immune system to be its strongest
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Doctors of Deceit and the AIDS Epidemic - by Gus G. Sermos
Written from the perspective of a former Public Health Advisor and AIDS Researcher at the Centers for Disease Control, Sermos explains that the "negligence, incompetence, arrogance and complete lack of leadership" in the AIDS epidemic by the Public Health authorities and the Centers for Disease Control have caused the American citizens to become nothing more than what he calls "un-consenting guinea pigs in a epidemic that may become the worst the world has ever known
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Blood: Physiology and Pathophysiology - by Chris Pallister
Concentrates on the science and fundamental concepts of the Blood and its diseases rather than on laboratory and clinical aspects of hematology, for biomedical science and medical undergraduates. Covers Blood physiology and Blood cell formation, megaloplastic anemias, disorders of red cell metabolism, leukemia, malignant disorders, and hereditary and acquired disorders of hemostasis
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HIV and the Blood Supply: An Analysis of Crisis Decision Making - by Lauren B. Leveton (Editor), et al
A report by The Committee to Study HIV Transmission Through Blood and Blood Products, of the Institute of Medicine. Details the controversy during the early years of the AIDS epidemic regarding the possible transmission of the disease through Blood and Blood products, and the decision-making process as more information became available. Considers whether such measures as treating Blood products to inactivate HIV, screening donors, regulations, and recalling contaminated Blood could have begun earlier and if so, what the effect on the spread and mortality of the disease would have been. The underlying goal is to draw conclusions about what to do should similar situations arise in the future
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Betrayal of Trust: the Collapse of Global Public Health - by Laurie Garrett
Globalization is increasing. Improved transportation and a global economy mean that people and products are quickly and easily moved from place to place. A traveler may begin the week in Zaire, stop off in Germany, and move on to Cleveland before the week's end. A shipment of fruit from Central America can end up in San Francisco. And a mosquito can hitch a ride from Panama to Paris without much difficulty. Blood and Blood Products come from wherever supplies are plentiful, and find their way to the greatest funded need. What does all this mean from a public health perspective? How will outbreaks of disease and the lack of adequate health services in certain parts of the world affect people in other parts? Pulitzer-prize-winning journalist Laurie Garrett, in this book on the decline of public health worldwide, tells her side
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