In the United States, the tests performed on donated Blood are determined by tradition, need, experience, cost of the tests, profitability, and local conditions that may exist at any given time. There are three main conditions that control Blood tests on donated Blood: politics of the moment, the honesty of the potential Blood donor in the pre-donation interview, and often the overriding factor, the cost of the tests on the donated Blood themselves. Generally, after Blood is donated, it is tested in an accredited laboratory to certify the suitability for use in the transfusion and Blood product 'pool' of Blood. In the United States the testing standards are established by the FDA.
The FDA outlines their Blood safety system as having five "layers of safeguards" that start at the Blood collection center and extend to the Blood product manufacturers and then on to the distributors of Blood products. The following rules apply in the United States.
Potential Blood and Blood product donors can be temporarily deferred (excluded from donating Blood for a pre-defined period of time) for a number of reasons. Potential Blood donors may be permanently excluded from donating Blood for other reasons. Please view our comprehensive Blood Donor Requirement Lists of guidelines. Coupons for free Blood testing and get free Blood test results.
Errors or accidents can result from improper testing, incorrect labeling of Blood components, improper interpretation of test results, equipment failure or mis-calibration, improper use of equipment or failure to follow the manufacturers' directions for its use, or accepting units from unsuitable donors.
In all fairness, we are fully aware that the FDA has a near impossible task. Congress and the public points fingers. There are cost considerations, and there is an ever-increasing and ever more sophisticated demand for a perfect Blood supply. Further, making matters worse, is the burden of testing for often unknown diseases. Coupons for free Blood tests and free Blood test results.
After all of the above, which is almost always a pleasant experience, the Blood donation takes place. The donor collects the t-shirt and lollypop and goes on their merry way with the really good feeling of having done a very good thing.
Often, as a special benefit to the donor, many Blood collection centers will check your cholesterol level, and the results will be mailed to you within a few weeks of your donation. Also, a Blood Type ID Card will be mailed to first-time donors. This card is something that every living human should carry at all times. Knowing your Blood type in an emergency can easily save your life, or in an extreme case, someone else's.
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In the United States, at the time of this writing, before your donated Blood is made available for transfusion, it will be tested as follows: Get a Blood Test Kit.
The following tests, that are not required for most transfusions, are often performed on Blood that may be needed for newborns and special needs patients :
In 1999,Blood collecting organizations began the study of a new test for HIV and hepatitis C called nucleic acid amplification (NAT), designed to detect portions of the actual virus itself. Based on preliminary data, it is hoped this test will further shorten the 'window period' for these viruses. This will improve Blood safety and shorten the time that it takes to get Blood and Blood products from donation to transfusion.
Often, but not always, Blood donors are notified about results of these required tests if a problem is detected during testing. We believe that this notification should be mandatory within five days of completion of testing. This notification would allow a Blood donor with a possible problem the opportunity to seek treatment, or clarify an anomaly or mistake in the test or the test procedure
Visit our other Blood test related pages for more information on Blood Testing.Personal Blood Testing
Preparing for Blood Testing
What Does My Blood Test Mean
Blood Test Reference/Range Chart
Blood Testing and Sampling Kits
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last updated 03/10/2013 bloodbook.com